AMORTIZATION PERIOD:
The actual number of years it will take to pay back your mortgage loan. 

APPRAISED VALUE:
An estimate of the value of the property. Conducted for the purpose of mortgage lending by a certified appraiser. This appraisal is not to be confused with a building inspection.

ASSUMABILITY:
Allows the buyer to take over the seller's mortgage on the property.

CLOSED MORTGAGE:
A mortgage that locks you into a specific payment schedule. A penalty usually applies if you repay the loan in full before the end of a closed term. 

CONDOMINIUM FEE:
A common payment among owners which is allocated to pay expenses.

CONVENTIONAL MORTGAGE:
A mortgage loan issued for up to 75% of the property's appraised value or purchase price, whichever is less. 

DOWN PAYMENT:
The buyer's cash payment toward the property. The difference between the purchase price and the amount of the mortgage loan. 

EQUITY:
The difference between the home's selling value and the debts against it. 

HIGH-RATIO MORTGAGE:
A mortgage that exceeds 75% of the home's appraised value.
These mortgages must be insured for payment. 

INTEREST RATE:
The value charged by the lender for the use of the lender's money.  
Expressed as a percentage. 

LAND TRANSFER TAX, DEED TAX OR PROPERTY PURCHASE TAX:
A fee paid to the municipal and /or provincial government for the transferring of property from seller to buyer. 

MATURITY DATE:
The end of the term, at which time you can pay off the mortgage or renew it. 

MORTGAGEE:
The person of the financial institution that lends the money. 

MORTGAGE INSURANCE:
Applies to high-ratio mortgages. It protects the lender against loss if the borrower is unable to repay the mortgage. 

MORTGAGE LIFE INSURANCE:
Pays off the mortgage if the borrower dies. 

MORTGAGOR:
The borrower. 

OPEN MORTGAGE:
Allows partial or full payment of the principal at any time, without penalty. 

PORTABILITY:
A mortgage option that enables borrowers to take their current mortgage with them to another property, without penalty. 

PRE-APPROVED MORTGAGE:
Qualifies you for a mortgage before you start shopping. You know exactly how much you can spend and are free to make a "firm" offer when you find  the right home. 

PREPAYMENT PRIVILEGES:
Voluntary payments in addition to regular mortgage payments. 

PRINCIPAL:
The amount borrowed or still owing on a mortgage loan. Interest is paid on the principal amount. 

REFINANCING:
Paying off the existing mortgage and arranging a new one or re-negotiating the terms and conditions of an existing mortgage. 

RENEWAL:
Re-negotiation of a mortgage loan at the end of a term for a new term. 

SECOND MORTGAGE:
Additional financing. Usually has a shorter term and higher interest rate than the first mortgage. 

TERM:
The length of time the interest rate is fixed. It also indicates when the 
principal balance becomes due and payable to the lender. 

TITLE:
Legal ownership in a property. 

VARIABLE-RATE MORTGAGE:
A mortgage with fixed payments, but fluctuates with interest rates. The changing interest rate determines how much of the payment goes towards the principal. 

VENDOR TAKE-BACK MORTGAGE:
When the seller provides some or all of the mortgage financing in order to sell their property. Type your paragraph here.

GLOSSORY OF REAL ESTATE TERMS